Is Russia a continent or just the largest country on Earth?

Russia or the Russian Federation is a country located on two continents, in Asia and Europe so the right answer to the question is Russia a continent is no, it is just a country.

And not any country, but the largest in the world which extends from the Baltic Sea to the west, to the Pacific Ocean in the east, and from the Arctic Ocean in the north to the Black Sea, Azov Sea and the Caspian Sea in the south.

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Is Russia a continent
Russia is a country not a continent


An interesting fact about Russia is that 75% of the Russian population lived in the European part and 75% of its territory is located in the Asian part.

Interesting facts about Russia

  • It is the largest country in the world ( about 1.8 larger than the United States)
  • Russia belongs to two continents: Europe and Asia
  • It is the most populous country in Europe
  • It is the most sparsely populated and urbanised in the world
  • It has the largest forested area in the world
  • It has the coldest inhabited town on Earth – the town of Oymyakon
  • It has the longest railway in the world, the Trans- Siberian Railroad of almost 9.289 km



  • It has the biggest fortress in the world, Moscow’s Kremlin which has more than 27 hectares
  • It has the largest mineral and energy resources in the world
  • It is among the largest producers of oil and natural gas in the world
  • It has the highest point in Europe: Mount Belukha with 4.506 m ( 14.783 ft)
  • The territory is split into 21 republics, 6 federal districts known as “krays”, 2 federal cities, which are Moscow and St Petersburg, 10 autonomous areas and just 1 autonomous region.

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Is Russia a continent? General information

According to the modern definition of Europe provided by the National Geographic Society, the border between Europe and Asia is the Ural Mountains line, from the Ural River down to the Greater Caucasus and from the Caspian Sea to the Black Sea.


Is Russia a continent or largest country in Europe
Is Russia the largest country in Europe


On the other hand, we cannot place a country into two continents, so we have to follow the United Nations classification which says that Russia is located in Europe.

To be more accurate, we should split Russia into two parts: Western Russia or European Russia and Asian Russia

Western Russia is bordered:

  • by Norway, Finland and a small part of the Baltic Sea, as well as Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania in the west
  • By Belarus, Ukraine and Poland in the southwest and furthermore with Georgia, Azerbaijan and Kazakhstan
  • By the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea in the southwest.

The country is divided into 85 federal areas with the Moscow Metropolitan Area being the largest one and among the largest in the world with more than 20 million residents.

73% of the total population of the country are Christians (mostly Russian Orthodox) while just 10% are converted to Islam.

Russia is described as a superpower of the world and has the second most powerful military, not to mention that it is worldwide famous for its nuclear weapons.

The country is a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council and member of G20, the Council of Europe, OSCE, APEC, WTO, as well as a leading member of many world organisations.


Now that we know the answer to the question Is Russia a continent, let’s discover together the geographical data of the place where Russians lived.

As I told you earlier, Russia is the largest country on Earth located in Eastern Europe, with a total surface of 17 million square kilometres ( 6.5 million square miles).

It spans over 11 time zones and borders 16 sovereign nations, from the Baltic Sea to the Pacific Ocean and from the Arctic Ocean to the Black, Caspian and Azov Seas.


Is Russia a continent or largest country
Where is Russia located in Europe or Asia


The majority part of Russia is a vast plain that is mostly steppe to the south and heavily forested to the north with tundra along the northern coast.

Russia has more than 100.000 rivers and inland bodies of water, its lake containing about one-quarter of the world freshwater reserve.

The largest lake is Lake Baikal which is also the world deepest, purest and oldest freshwater lake.

The most important river in the country is the Volga which is also the longest from Europe and has the largest and wildest delta from Europe, too.


Most parts of Russia have a humid continental climate, except for the tundra and the extreme southwest, as well as the plain of the western and northern part of the country.

Northern European Russia and Siberia have a subarctic climate with very cold winters ( record low temperatures are -71 degrees Celsius or -96 degrees Fahrenheit), while the part of the country located near the Arctic Ocean has a polar climate.


Is Russia a continent
Is Russia a continent


The area near the Black Sea has a humid subtropical climate with mild winters and pretty hot summers, while the southernmost Siberia has a semi-arid climate.

In most parts of the country, during the winter season, the precipitation falls as snow and the winters are usually drier than summers.

As a general rule, all over the country, there are two different seasons- winter and summer with transition periods in between- spring and autumn.


From the total population of 145 million people, about 113 million lives in European Russia and this makes Russia the most populous country in Europe.

Most of the population are ethnic Russians but besides the Russians, there are other 120 ethnic groups, some of them with their own territories who speak more than 100 different languages.

Almost all the country’s largest cities are located in the western part of the country out of which Moscow and Saint Petersburg stand out.

Other important cities of the country are Nizhny Novgorod ( formerly known as Gorky), Kazan ( the largest city and the capital of the Republic of Tatarstan), Samara (the capital of the region with the same name), Rostov-on-Don (a port city at the Volga- Don Shipping Canal).


Before ending my article about is Russia a continent or just the largest country in the world I want to point out some of the most common questions about Russia:

Is Russia its own continent?

Russia is what specialists call a transcontinental country, which means a state located on one or more continents. About 75% of its surface is located in Asia, while the rest of 25% is in Europe and fact which should be mentioned is that the country occupies almost 40% of Europe’s total area.

Why is Russia two continents?

Russia is one of the very few countries located on two continents. Initially, it was entirely within Europe but after conquering Siberia, the country became a transcontinental one. If we think better, Europe, Asia and Africa was a giant continent separated into 3 pieces over the millennia.

Is Russia part of Europe yes or no?

Yes, Russia is part of Europe if we take into consideration its religious roots, the fact that they share the same pan-European history and they have deep and strong connections with European culture.

What type of country is Russia today?

The country of Russia is based on Communism and was the main part of the Soviet Union, from 1922 to 1991.
Since 1991 when the Soviet Union fell apart, the country is a federal semi-presidential republic with elements of democracy.


Plan your trip to this beautiful place: Logistical tips and tricks

Book your accommodation

We always use as they have the best price-quality ratio and they offer a wide range of hotels, guesthouses, apartments, and villas to choose from.

You will find here all types of accommodations, from the cheapest ones to the most luxurious.

Don't forget travel insurance

We never leave home without World Nomads Insurance or Safety Wings Insurance as they offer the best services and a good value for money.

Travel insurance will always protect you against unexpected events and cost like illness, injury, theft, or travel cancellation.

We never go on any trip without travel insurance and there were many cases when we had to use it.

Renting a car

We like to explore a country on our own and a car gives us the mobility and freedom to do that.

We always rent our car from Rentalcars. com as they have free cancellation 24 hours prior to starting date and a wide range of car rental companies and options to choose from all over the world.

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