Sicily is not a country, it is a province of Italy, a region called “regione” and it is located in the Mediterranean Sea, in the southern part of Italy.
Ever asked yourself where is Sicily located and if this place is a country or not?
This article will help you clear out this question and find out where this beautiful island is located and what you can do in this area.
The beautiful Sicily is located in the southern part of the Italian Peninsula and is home to one of the tallest active volcanoes in Europe, Mount Etna.
But before discussing Sicily, let me tell you a few words about Italy, the country where this island is located.
Italy became a republic on June 2nd, 1946 when many Italians voted in a referendum to get rid of the monarchy and so the country become a republic.
In terms of religion, the island like the entire Italian Peninsula became completely Roman Catholic.
Until 1054 the Churches owing allegiance to the Pope and the Patriarch of Constantinople belonged to one Church, after that year they were converted to Catholic Church).
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Like I said earlier, Sicily is not a country, it is one of the five Italian autonomous regions and together with the other 19 provinces, it forms Italy.
That is why it is called the autonomous region of Sicily, a region that is connected with the main peninsula by Messina Strait which has about 3 kilometers ( 2 miles) wide in the north and about 16 km (10 miles) wide in the south.
This stunning piece of land has the same currency, flag, and governance as the rest of Italy.
Like all the regions from Italy, besides the national flag of Italy, Sicily has its own flag that was adopted in 1282.
The provincial flag has the triskeles in the middle, which shows the Medusa head and three wheat ears that represent the very fertile land of the island.
The capital of the province is Palermo, a beautiful town located in the northern part of the island with beautiful architecture and many restaurants and bars where to sip an Italian wine and enjoy the view!
The total population of the island is around 5 million people and is ranked on number 4 as the most populated region of Italy.
The island is split into 9 provinces: Siracusa, Palermo, Messina, Catania, Caltanissetta, Trapani, Enna, Ragusa and Agrigento.
8 of the 9 provinces have a beautiful coastline, with many wonderful beaches and amazing landscapes.
Enna is the only province that does not have a coastline, but it has instead the highest volcano from Europe.
Yes, it is the largest island from the Mediterranean Sea with a total surface of over 25.500 square kilometers.
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With a surface of 9,927 square miles, Sicily Italy was part of the kingdom of Italy from ancient times that is why today you will still find Greeks and Arabs living on the island.
Giuseppe Garibaldi is considered to be one of the greatest generals of modern times, the person who united Sicily with Italy at the beginning of 1860.
Sicily has a few major industrial hubs, but most of the island’s land is dedicated to agriculture.
The country is famous for its extremely tasty oranges and lemons, but also olives and of course, olive oil as well as pistachios, grapes, and wine.
So, the most significant agricultural products are vines, olives, almonds, hazelnuts, walnuts, and garden crops.
The Island of Sicily is where you will also find Mount Etna, the jewel of the kingdom of Sicily and one of the tallest active volcanoes from Europe.
The province is separated from Italy’s mainland by the Strait of Messina, a very important maritime canal that is transited daily by dozens of ferries and ships.
You can easily reach Sicily by taking a ferry or by plane from Rome and other Italian cities as well as major European town.
In Sicilia, a former Roman province, there are 6 airports, spread all over the place that connects this beautiful island with the rest of the world.
The most important are Catania Airport “Vincenzo Bellini” and Palermo Airport Falcone Borsellino.
These are international airports and many European airlines land on one of these two airports.
There are other two smaller airports where usually land domestic and low-cost flights and two tiny airstrips just for domestic flights.
You can take a bus or a train to explore the island or why not rent a car and discover the beauty of this island on your own.
The dominant landforms from the island are the hills, perfect for agriculture that is an important source of income for the inhabitants, besides tourism.
The highest point from the island is Mount Etna, followed by the mountain ranges of Madonie with 2,000 meters and Nebrodi with 1,800 meters, both located in the northern part of the island.
On the southern part of the island is a range of lower mountains, called the Hyblaean Mountains with the highest peak of about 1,000 meters.
Sicily is surrounded by small beautiful islands and islets, some of them being home to active volcanoes.
So we have the Aeolian Islands in the Tyrrhenian Sea where you can find the beautiful Stromboli volcano as well as the underwater volcano called Ferdinandea.
Sicily and Unesco World Heritage sites
Spread across the island there are 7 Unesco World Heritage Sites that should be included in your travel itinerary.
Here is the complete list of them:
- Valle dei Templi a great example of Greece architecture and art
- Villa Romana del Casale, a beautiful Roman villa built in the 4th century containing the most complex collection of Roman mosaics in the whole world
- The Aeolian Islands, the most famous volcanic archipelago located in the Tyrrhenian Sea
- Late Baroque Towns of the Val di Noto comprising the following towns: Caltagirone, Catania, Militello in Val di Catania, Modica, Palazzolo Acreide, Noto, Ragusa, and Scicli
- Mount Etna, the world-famous active volcano
- Necropolis of Pantalica, the largest of its kind from Sicily with more than 5,000 tombs
Moving around the island
In order to move around the island, you can choose between trains, buses and of course renting a car.
Let me tell you some words about each of this options to see which one is more convenient for you.
Trains are reliable but very limited when we speak about routes. Most of the train routes are along the coastline.
There are 3 train categories:
- intercity which is the fastest train and stops only in major stations;
- espresso which is a little bit slower and stops on most of the stations from the route and
- Regionale the slowest which stop in each and every village from the route
The ticket prices are pretty high and the trains are not as fast as the ones from the Italian mainland.
Buses go almost everywhere after a fixed scheduler.
Buses are the best option when you want to travel from one big city to another, not if you want to explore the island.
In general, the buses are fast and offer a direct connection between the main cities of the island.
But if you want to explore the coastline or the countryside, then buses are not the best option.
The ticket prices are reasonable and can be bought from the bus or from specially designated shops.
Cars are the best choice when exploring the island.
They give you the mobility and flexibility you need when planning an itinerary! You don’t have to worry about public transport schedules or about connections.
Pick up your car and start exploring as there are many interesting places to discover on this island!
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Is Sicily a country of its own?
No, Sicily is not a country of its own, it is part of Italy which is a country in Europe and it is located in the Mediterranean Sea in southern Italy and it is one of the 20 regions of Italy.
This beautiful island has a home to a few active volcanoes, out of which the most important is Mount Etna, which is also one of the tallest active volcanoes in Europe.
Is Sicily a country or part of Italy?
Sicily is not a country, nor a city but it is part of Italy, the beautiful peninsula located in Europe.
This beautiful island is located in the southern part of Italy and it is connected with the mainland by Messina Strait.
Yes, Sicily is an island located in the southern part of Italy, in Europe, and it is one of the 20 regions of the Italian Peninsula.
The island is located at the top of the boot and has a Mediterranean climate and one of the best red oranges in the world.
Is Sicily a country or a city?
None of the options are correct, as Sicily is neither a country nor a city, it is a beautiful island located in the Mediterranean Sea.
The island is located in the southern part of the Italian Peninsula and is separated from the mainland by Strait of Messina.
Plan your trip to this beautiful place: Logistical tips and tricks
Book your accommodation
We always use Booking.com as they have the best price-quality ratio and they offer a wide range of hotels, guesthouses, apartments, and villas to choose from.
You will find here all types of accommodations, from the cheapest ones to the most luxurious.
Don't forget travel insurance
Travel insurance will always protect you against unexpected events and cost like illness, injury, theft, or travel cancellation.
We never go on any trip without travel insurance and there were many cases when we had to use it.
Renting a car
We like to explore a country on our own and a car gives us the mobility and freedom to do that.
We always rent our car from Rentalcars. com as they have free cancellation 24 hours prior to starting date and a wide range of car rental companies and options to choose from all over the world.